大内転筋 （ だいないてんきん、英：adductor magnus muscle ）
・ 概 要
・ 作 用
・ 神経 / 脈管
・ 起始 / 停止
「大腿を内転する。 」 （ 日本人体解剖学 ）
The adductor magnus is a large triangular muscle, situated on the medial side of the thigh.
It consists of two parts. The portion which arises from the ischiopubic ramus (a small part of the inferior ramus of the pubis, and the inferior ramus of the ischium) is called the pubofemoral portion, adductor portion, or adductor minimus, and the portion arising from the tuberosity of the ischium is called the ischiocondylar portion, extensor portion, or "hamstring portion". Due to its common embryonic origin, innervation, and action the ischiocondylar portion (or hamstring portion) is often considered part of the hamstring group of muscles. The ischiocondylar portion of the adductor magnus is considered a muscle of the posterior compartment of the thigh while the pubofemoral portion of the adductor magnus is considered a muscle of the medial compartment.
Pubofemoral (adductor) portion
Those fibers which arise from the ramus of the pubis are short, horizontal in direction, and are inserted into the rough line of the femur leading from the greater trochanter to the linea aspera, medial to the gluteus maximus.
Those fibers from the ramus of the ischium are directed downward and laterally with different degrees of obliquity, to be inserted, by means of a broad aponeurosis, into the linea aspera and the upper part of its medial prolongation below.
Ischiocondylar (hamstring) portion
The medial portion of the muscle, composed principally of the fibers arising from the tuberosity of the ischium, forms a thick fleshy mass consisting of coarse bundles which descend almost vertically, and end about the lower third of the thigh in a rounded tendon which is inserted into the adductor tubercle on the medial condyle of the femur, and is connected by a fibrous expansion to the line leading upward from the tubercle to the linea aspera.
【 語 句 】
・ischiopubic ramus：坐骨恥骨枝 ・inferior ramus：下枝 ・ pubis：恥骨 ・ischium：坐骨 ・tuberosity of the ischium：坐骨結節 ・embryonic：胎生の ・greater trochanter：大転子 ・linea aspera：粗線 ・gluteus maximus：大殿筋 ・aponeurosis：腱膜 ・prolongation：延長 ・coarse：粗大な ・adductor tubercle：内転筋結節 ・medial condyle：内側顆
By its anterior surface the adductor magnus is in relation with the pectineus, adductor brevis, adductor longus, femoral artery and vein, profunda artery and vein, with their branches, and with the posterior branches of the obturator artery, obturator vein and obturator nerve.
By its posterior surface with the semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps, and gluteus maximus muscle.
By its inner border with the gracilis and sartorius.
By its upper border with the obturator externus, and quadratus femoris.
It is a composite muscle as the adductor and hamstring portions of the muscle are innervated by two different nerves. The adductor portion is innervated by the posterior division of the obturator nerve while the hamstring portion is innervated by the sciatic nerve.
【 語 句 】
・pectineus：恥骨筋 ・adductor brevis：短内転筋 ・adductor longus：長内転筋 ・femoral artery：大腿動脈 ・profunda artery：深動脈（深大腿動脈のこと？） ・obturator artery：閉鎖動脈 ・semitendinosus：半腱様筋 ・semimembranosus：半膜様筋 ・biceps：大腿二頭筋 ・gracilis：薄筋 ・sartorius：縫工筋 ・obturator externus：外閉鎖筋 ・quadratus femoris：大腿四頭筋 ・composite：合成の ・obturator nerve：閉鎖神経 ・sciatic nerve：坐骨神経
Further information: Adductor hiatus and Adductor canal
At the insertion of the muscle, there is a series of osseoaponeurotic openings, formed by tendinous arches attached to the bone. The upper four openings are small, and give passage to the perforating branches of the profunda femoris artery. The lowest (often referred to as the adductor hiatus) is large, and transmits the femoral vessels to the popliteal fossa.
The upper, lateral part of the adductor magnus is an incompletely separated division often considered a separate muscle — the adductor minimus. These two muscles are frequently separated by a branch of the superior perforating branch of the profunda femoris artery.
The adductor magnus is a powerful adductor of the thigh, made especially active when the legs are moved from a wide spread position to one in which the legs parallel each other. The part attached to the linea aspera acts as a lateral rotator. The part which reaches the medial epicondyle acts as a medial rotator when the leg is rotated outwards and flexed, and also acts to extend the hip joint.
【 語 句 】